Endometriosis surgery is usually indicated for women who have not responded to other forms of medical treatment. The most common form of treatment for endometriosis is the use of drugs to control the levels of a hormone, estrogen, in a woman's body.
Controlling the amount of estrogen has a limiting effect on the growth of endometrial tissue. The use of hormonal drugs does not always have the desired effect of limiting the growth of endometriosis. You can visit endometriosisassn to get information about the variety of options for the treatments of endometriosis.
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These medicines may also cause side effects in some women, or are contraindicated in women trying to become pregnant. Many women also treat their symptoms with over-the-counter pain relievers, and some have found that changing their diet and lifestyle can also be beneficial.
When medications and lifestyle changes stop working, many women turn to endometriosis surgery to relieve the pain symptoms they experience each month. The most common surgical procedure for mild to moderate endometriosis is laparoscopy.
This is a minimally invasive procedure in which a thin surgical instrument called a laparoscope is inserted through a small incision in the abdominal cavity. Laparoscopic procedures are just like any other surgical procedure and carry the same risks.
It is usually done under general anesthesia, but in some cases it can be done with an epidural (spinal anesthesia) to keep the woman awake. Laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis begins by inflating the patient's stomach with carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide. Inflating the stomach moves the abdominal wall away from the internal organs, giving the surgeon a better view and more operating space.